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Report

Young People and Gambling 2023

Gambling Commission report produced by Ipsos on young people and their gambling behaviour, attitudes and awareness in 2023.

Contents


Sample profile

Table A.5 outlines the details of the sample profile for the 2023 study; covering all 11 to 17 year olds who participated in the Young People Omnibus.

Table A.5 - Sample profile 2023

Table A.5: Sample profile 2023.
Sample group Unweighted (number) Unweighted (percentage) Weighted (percentage)
Total 3453 100% 100%
Gender of pupils
Male 1593 46% 48%
Female 1660 48% 47%
Non-binary 76 2% 2%
In another way 43 1% 1%
Prefer not to say 81 2% 2%
Age of pupils
11 94 3% 3%
12 654 19% 19%
13 836 24% 19%
14 719 21% 19%
15 680 20% 22%
16 167 5% 10%
17 284 8% 6%
Year of pupils2
7 554 16% 19%
8 903 26% 20%
9 684 20% 19%
10 783 23% 18%
11 167 5% 16%
12 359 10% 7%
Ethnic origin
White 2666 77% 76%
Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) 724 21% 22%
Region
London 269 8% 14%
South East 814 24% 15%
South West 132 4% 8%
North East 224 7% 4%
North West 317 9% 11%
East of England 336 10% 10%
East Midlands 241 7% 8%
West Midlands 461 13% 10%
Yorkshire and Humberside 228 7% 9%
Scotland 239 7% 7%
Wales 192 6% 4%

Profile of schools

In this section we analyse how the sample of participating schools compares with the population of schools that are eligible for YPO (that is, maintained secondary schools in England, Wales and Scotland). The information for England and Wales is drawn from Department of Education’s ‘Get Information About Schools’ database, and the equivalent for Scotland. Less detailed information is available on the sampling frames for schools in Wales and Scotland, and the analysis is based on the information available for each country for each variable. We analyse the profiles of schools for a range of variables, including school type; regional distribution; urban or rural profile; and proportion of pupils eligible for free school meals.

Type of establishment

Figures for type of establishment are shown below. The proportions in the population and starting sample are similar. There is a slight over-representation in the proportion of academies, and a slight under-representation of independent schools and free schools, which was corrected by weighting the data. However, in practice, free schools are very similar to academies, so this is unlikely to introduce any bias in the sample.

Table A.6: Profile of school type for school population and Young People Omnibus (YPO) starting and/or participating sample

Table A.6: Profile of school type for school population and Young People Omnibus (YPO) starting and/or participating sample.
School type Percentage of population (all schools eligible to be sampled) Percentage of all schools sampled for YPO 2022 Percentage of schools participating in YPO 2022
Academies 54% 66% 62%
Free schools 7% 4% 4%
Local authority maintained schools 14% 17% 16%
Independent schools 12% 4% 1%
Welsh schools 5% 5% 6%
Scottish schools 9% 5% 10%

The regional breakdown of the population, starting sample, and participating sample is shown below. The participating sample over-represents schools in the North East and South East compared with the starting sample and population, and slightly underrepresents schools in the East Midlands, London, and North West.

Table A.7: Regional profile for school population and Young People Omnibus (YPO) starting and/or participating sample

Table A.7: Regional profile for school population and Young People Omnibus (YPO) starting and/or participating sample.
Region Percentage of population (all schools eligible to be sampled) Percentage of all schools sampled for YPO 2022 Percentage of schools participating in YPO 2022
East Midlands 7% 8% 4%
East of England 9% 10% 10%
London 13% 15% 10%
North East 4% 4% 9%
North West 13% 12% 10%
Scotland 9% 5% 10%
South East 13% 15% 16%
South West 8% 9% 6%
Wales 5% 5% 6%
West Midlands 11% 11% 13%
Yorkshire and the Humber 8% 8% 6%
Total (number) 3241 657 69

The distribution of urban and rural schools in England, Scotland and Wales is consistent between the sample and participating schools. However, this slightly over-represents those in urban areas with 91 percent of participating schools being located in urban areas compared with 85 percent of the population.

Table A.8: Rural and/or urban profile for school population and Young People Omnibus (YPO) starting and/or participating sample

Table A.8: Rural and/or urban profile for school population and Young People Omnibus (YPO) starting and/or participating sample.
Urban or rural Percentage of population (all schools eligible to be sampled) Percentage of all schools sampled for YPO 2023 Percentage of schools participating in YPO 2022
All urban 85% 91% 91%
All rural 15% 9% 9%

The table below shows the average percent eligible for free school meals in England and Wales. The figures for the population, starting sample and participating sample are broadly comparable.

Table A.9: School size, and average percentage pupils eligible for free school meals for school population and Young People Omnibus (YPO) starting and/or participating sample

Table A.9: School size, and average percentage pupils eligible for free school meals for school population and Young People Omnibus (YPO) starting and/or participating sample.
Data definitions Percentage of population (all schools eligible to be sampled) Percentage of all schools sampled for YPO 2023 Percentage of schools participating in YPO 2023
Average percentage free school meals (England and Wales) 15% 16.53% 17.18%

The sample of schools participating in YPO 2023 is broadly representative of the population, with a similar profile in terms of types of establishment, regions, free school meals, and urbanity profile. There were some differences in the profile of our achieved sample compared with the population, but weights applied to the data will correct for any bias this might have introduced to the findings.

References

2 Or equivalent year groups in Scotland.

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Research design
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