Types of gambling and gambling involvement
In 2016 we replicated analysis that LaPlante et al conducted in 2011. LaPlante et al used data from the British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2007, while our analysis used data from the British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2010 and combined data from the Health Survey for England 2012 and the Scottish Health Survey 2012.
The work by LaPlante et al showed that controlling for gambling involvement substantially reduced or eliminated all statistically significant relationships between individual gambling activities and problem gambling, except in the case of machines in bookmakers.
- The original conclusion that there is no consistent evidence that particular gambling activities are predictive of problem gambling, after controlling for the level of involvement, holds true in 2010 and 2012.
- The 2007 finding that machines in bookmakers are the exception does not persist into 2010 and 2012.
- It appears that any ‘significant’ effects borne out of the results are most likely an unexplained variation in the sample.