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Duties and responsibilities under the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

Glossary of terms  



Anti-money laundering

Beneficial ownership

Beneficial ownership is enjoyed by anyone who has the benefits of ownership of property, but does not apparently own the asset itself

Business relationship

A business, professional or commercial relationship between an operator and a customer, which is expected to have an element of duration


A term used to describe commerce transactions between businesses, or the exchange of products, services or information between businesses. In other words, it is business which is conducted between firms, rather than between firms and consumers (or customers).

Criminal spend

In the context of gambling, the use of the proceeds of crime to fund gambling as a leisure activity (otherwise known as lifestyle spend)

Money laundering

The process by which criminal or 'dirty' money is legitimised or made 'clean', including any action taken to conceal, arrange, use or possess the proceeds of any criminal conduct. Defined in section 340 of POCA.


Firms holding an operating licence issued by the Commission


The Proceeds of Crime Act 2002, which is intended to reduce money laundering and the profitability of organised crime through the use of tools such as asset recovery

Proceeds of crime

Property from which a person benefits directly or indirectly, by being party to criminal activity, for example stolen money, money from drug dealing or property stolen in a burglary or robbery


A suspicious activity report – the means by which suspicious activity relating to possible money laundering or the financing of terrorism is reported to the NCA under POCA or the Terrorism Act

Source of funds

Where the funds, money or cash to finance the transaction come from

The Act

The Gambling Act 2005

The Commission

The Gambling Commission


The National Crime Agency, which became operational in October 2013, is a crime-fighting agency with national and international reach that works in partnership with other law enforcement organisations to cut serious and organised crime. The NCA is the organisation to which suspicious activity is reported.

The Terrorism Act

The Terrorism Act 2000


The United Kingdom Financial Intelligence Unit, which is the unit within the NCA that operates the disclosure and consent regime for money laundering