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AI / Machine learning

Request date: 11 July 2023

This version was printed or saved on: 14 June 2024

Online version: https://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/about-us/freedomofinformation/ai-machine-learning

Request

Under the Freedom of Information Act, I would like to request the following information:

  1. Answering ‘Yes’, ‘No’ or ‘Not known’, please can the Gambling Commission state whether it has used any of the following methods, algorithms, systems, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and/or machine learning on any of its datasets:
    (a) ‘Perceptron’ (Wikipedia page for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perceptron (opens in new tab)),
    (b) ‘K-means’ (Wikipedia page for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K-means_clustering (opens in new tab)),
    (c) ‘K-nearest neighbours’ (Wikipedia page for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K-nearest_neighbors_algorithm (opens in new tab)),
    (d) ‘Support vector machines’ (Wikipedia page for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Support_vector_machine (opens in new tab)),
    (e) ‘Natural Language Processing’ (NLP, Wikipedia page for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_language_processing (opens in new tab)),
    (f) ‘Random forests’ (Wikipedia page for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Random_forest (opens in new tab))

  2. Where any of the answers to questions (1)(a-f) are ‘Yes’, please can you share the outputs and (intermediate) results from that work as well as accompanying summaries/explanations? Where the outputs and (intermediate) results are not disclosable for any reasons, please provide a summary of findings wherever feasible.

  3. When considering the answers to questions (1) - (2), please can you explain what these (intermediate) results, outputs etc. were directly used for insofar as the activities and purpose of the Gambling Commission are concerned, particularly your five strategic objectives (retrieved from this webpage as of 11 July 2023: https://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/about-us/guide/our-strategy-for-the-next-three-years) of ‘1. Protecting children and vulnerable people from being harmed by gambling’, ‘2. A fairer mark and more informed consumers’, ‘3. Keeping crime out of gambling’, ‘4. Optimise returns to good causes from The National Lottery’, ‘5. Improved gambling regulation’.

  4. When considering the answers to questions (1) - (3), how does the Gambling Commission mitigate against the risk of biases and discrimination when deploying such systems, methods and algorithms and, where applicable, please can you share a copy of any documented procedures you use for ensuring fairness, accountability and transparency during and after usage of such systems, methods and algorithms?

Response

Thank you for your request which has been processed under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (FOIA).

The Gambling Commission;s responses to your enquiries are as follows:

  1. Answering ‘Yes’, ‘No’ or ‘Not known’, please can the Gambling Commission state whether it has used any of the following methods, algorithms, systems, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and/or machine learning on any of its datasets:
    (a) ‘Perceptron’ (Wikipedia page for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perceptron (opens in new tab)),
    (b) ‘K-means’ (Wikipedia page for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K-means_clustering (opens in new tab)),
    (c) ‘K-nearest neighbours’ (Wikipedia page for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K-nearest_neighbors_algorithm (opens in new tab)),
    (d) ‘Support vector machines’ (Wikipedia page for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Support_vector_machine (opens in new tab)),
    (e) ‘Natural Language Processing’ (NLP, Wikipedia page for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_language_processing (opens in new tab)),
    (f) ‘Random forests’ (Wikipedia page for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Random_forest (opens in new tab))

No

  1. Where any of the answers to questions (1)(a-f) are ‘Yes’, please can you share the outputs and (intermediate) results from that work as well as accompanying summaries/explanations? Where the outputs and (intermediate) results are not disclosable for any reasons, please provide a summary of findings wherever feasible.

N/A

  1. When considering the answers to questions (1) - (2), please can you explain what these (intermediate) results, outputs etc. were directly used for insofar as the activities and purpose of the Gambling Commission are concerned, particularly your five strategic objectives (retrieved from this webpage as of 11 July 2023: https://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/about-us/guide/our-strategy-for-the-next-three-years) of ‘1. Protecting children and vulnerable people from being harmed by gambling’, ‘2. A fairer mark and more informed consumers’, ‘3. Keeping crime out of gambling’, ‘4. Optimise returns to good causes from The National Lottery’, ‘5. Improved gambling regulation’.

N/A

  1. When considering the answers to questions (1) - (3), how does the Gambling Commission mitigate against the risk of biases and discrimination when deploying such systems, methods and algorithms and, where applicable, please can you share a copy of any documented procedures you use for ensuring fairness, accountability and transparency during and after usage of such systems, methods and algorithms?

N/A

I can confirm that no information is held by the Gambling Commission falling within the scope of your request.

Review of the decision

If you are unhappy with the service you have received in relation to your Freedom of Information request you are entitled to an internal review of our decision. You should write to FOI Team, Gambling Commission, 4th floor, Victoria Square House, Victoria Square, Birmingham, B2 4BP or by reply to this email.

Please note, internal review requests should be made within 40 working days of the initial response. Requests made outside this timeframe will not be processed.

If you are not content with the outcome of our review, you may then apply directly to the Information Commissioner (ICO) for a decision. Generally, the ICO cannot make a decision unless you have already exhausted the review procedure provided by the Gambling Commission.

The ICO can be contacted at: The Information Commissioner’s Office (opens in a new tab), Wycliffe House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire SK9 5AF.

Information Management Team
Gambling Commission
Victoria Square House
Victoria Square
Birmingham B2 4BP