Analysis of the relationship between problem gambling and the number of different gambling activities a person takes part in (gambling involvement).
In 2016 we replicated analysis that LaPlante et al conducted in 2011. LaPlante et al used data from the British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2007, while our analysis used data from the British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2010 and combined data from the Health Survey for England 2012 and the Scottish Health Survey 2012.
The work by LaPlante et al showed that controlling for gambling involvement substantially reduced or eliminated all statistically significant relationships between individual gambling activities and problem gambling, except in the case of machines in bookmakers.
Although this work found playing on machines in bookmakers does not increase the chance someone is a problem gambler (once you control for involvement), the Natcen Follow-up study of loyalty card customers found that loyalty card holders who played machines in bookmakers were significantly more likely to develop gambling problems (even when controlling for involvement).
An excel spreadsheet of the data
About the status of official statistics
Research archive of publications from the last three years
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