Skip to main content

B4 gaming machines

Machine category

Max stake

Max prize

Permitted location

Max number of machines

 

Members' club, Miners’ welfare club or commercial club

Bingo premises

 

Adult gaming centre

Betting shops

 

Tracks with pool betting

2005 Act
large casino

2005 Act
small casino

1968 Act casino

B4

£2

£400

2005 Act and 1968 Act casinos 

 

Betting shops

 

Tracks with pool betting

 

Bingo premises

Adult gaming centre

Members' club, Miners’ welfare club or commercial club

Max 3

Max 20% of the total number of machines available for use on the premises

Max 4

 

Any combination of categories B to D

Max 150

 

Any combination of categories B to D

 

(subject to machine/table ratio 5-1)

Max 80

 

Any combination of categories B to D

 

(subject to machine/table ratio 2-1)

Max 20

any combination of categories B to D

 

or

 

any number of C or D machines instead

Members' clubs and miners' welfare institutes may site up to three machines from categories B3A, B4, C or D (only one can be B3A) with a club machine permit. Commercial clubs may site up to three machines from categories B4, C or D (not B3A machines). 

AGC and bingo premises licences granted before 13 July 2011 are entitled to make available four (for AGC) or eight (for bingo) category B3/B4 gaming machines, or 20% of the total number of gaming machines, whichever is the greater.  

Licences and permits required

B4 machines can only be made available in casino, betting shops, tracks with pool betting, bingo halls, adult gaming centres, members' clubs, miners’ welfare clubs or commercial clubs. So you must have either a 2005 Act casino operating licence, a 1968 Act casino operating licence, a general betting standard operating licence, a pool betting licence, non-remote bingo operating licence, an AGC licence or a gaming machine permit to make them available. 

If you are a machine manufacturer or supplier you will need a gaming machine technical licence, which type will depend on the nature of your business. 

Gaming machine technical standards

For the full details of the technical standards to which this category of machine must comply see Machine standards category B3 & B4 

All gaming machines sited on casino premises must comply with our gaming machine technical standards

Test houses

Category B4, C, and D gaming machines can be tested via an independent laboratory or via the manufacturers own processes under strict controls. 

For categories A, B1, B2, B3, B3A, B4, C, D, server networked and downloadable, cashless payment, linked progressives and wireless networks refer to the Gaming machine testing strategy. 

Return to player (RTP)

B4 machines must display the “theoretical target percentage return to player”. 

RTP is an average measured over a large number of games and will vary over a typical session due to normal game volatility. It is a matter for the manufacturer to decide upon the game RTP and there is no minimum requirement but the minimum average return must be displayed to the player for the game. 

There are duties to be paid on gaming machines so you should read this information in conjunction with the characteristics published by HMRC

VAT Betting and Gaming guidance